Category Integrated Buildings


Philosophical Digression: Integration and the Progress of Technology

Integration can be considered in separate stages of cul­tural and architectural significance across three ages of civilization: preindustrial, industrial, and postindustrial. Each of these eras is associated with different prevailing philosophies that defined and redefined the overlapping missions of art, science, nature, and culture. Many respected thinkers have considered these evolutions, and some of their thoughts are incorporated in the following discussion.

Industrialized Systems and the Mathematization of Architecture

The beginning of a middle ground between creative design and rational technology dates to the end of World War II. The postwar economies produced a flood of new materials, industrialized building systems, and a world­wide construction boom...

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Software: Integration in the Design Process

For integration issues to surpass the technology-for-its – own-sake aspect and become celebrated in the design process, they must transcend the nuts-and-bolts of hard­ware integration and engage basic architectural ambition. Resolving the physical, visual, and functional fit among building systems is well and good. All buildings have to achieve these basic levels of integration to some degree before they can be built and occupied. It is also obvious that different levels of integration among the systems is possible and that a more highly integrated building is more likely to enjoy better degrees of fit, image, and function. But although these aspects contribute toward a better building, they do not inherently satisfy the notion of architecture.

If building components are the hardware of i...

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Physical Integration

Building components have to fit. They share space and volume in a building, and they connect in specific ways. CAD drawing layers offer a useful way to think about how complicated these networks of shared space and connect­ed pieces can become. Superimposing structure and HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning) layers provides an example: Are there problems where large ducts pass under beams? Do the reflected ceiling plan and furniture layouts put light fixtures where they belong?

Physical integration is fundamentally about how com­ponents and systems share space, how they fit together...

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The Idea of Integration


• Hardware: Integration Among Building Systems

• Software: Integration in the Design Process

• Philosophical Digression: Integration and the Progress of Technology

• Framework of Discussion


iscussion about the architecture of integrated buildings systems begins with a few basic ques­tions. These fundamental questions underlie the four “methods” chapters of Part I. The seven succeeding chapters of Part II explore how these questions relate to several works of architecture. Taken as a whole, then, this book shows how case studies can be used to understand the integration of building systems and how inquiry into integration contributes to architectural success.

• What are integrated buildings?

• How does design for integration impact architectural think...

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